Tillandsias, or air plants as they are often referred to, are in the Bromeliad family, native to tropical America. An epiphytic or tree-perching plant, Tillandsias are named after Elias Tillandz, a Swedish physician and botanist.
Tillandsias are popular and fun plants to grow in your home.
Spanish Moss (a type of Tillandsia) ‘perching’ on trees is a familiar sight in the southern U.S. It does not harm the tree it inhabits, absorbing most of the nutrients it needs from the atmosphere. Occasionally you will see Spanish Moss attached to electrical lines!
Caring for Tillandsias
There are several misconceptions about the care of Tillandsias. Just because they are called air plants doesn’t mean that they require no care.
One of the more common mistakes is how to water your plants. Occasional misting is good, but a consistent watering schedule is essential. It is good to soak your plants in a small amount of water once a week or so. Don’t leave them soaking too long, (20- 30 minutes). I killed a batch of plants one time by forgetting about them overnight!
Air plants will not survive in standing water. I like to take my plants and hold them under running water for 20-30 seconds about once a week, more often in hot weather. Be sure to shake the excess water off the leaves after watering. Plants should be able to dry off within 3-4 hours after watering. It is better to underwater than to overwater. A warning sign that an air plant is too dry is the curling in of the leaves.
Fertilizing once or twice a month is beneficial. I use fish emulsion, at 1/4 strength. I also like to use SUPERthrive. Make your fertilizer solution and soak the plant for a few minutes.
Good air circulation is a must for Tillandsias. Growing them in a terrarium is not a good idea. A kitchen is a good place to grow Tillandsias, being the most used room in a house, with good light and airflow. I have five or six Tillandsias in my kitchen, I see them every day and that helps me to remember to water them!
Air plants grow best in bright indirect light. Some green varieties will survive in lower light conditions and some white varieties will take brighter light. Green varieties are found in low land habitats ( rainforests ). The white Tillandsias are covered with trichomes ( a hairlike bristle ) giving them their white fuzzy look. The white varieties are usually from mountainous, drier habitat.
Keeping a consistent care regime will go a long way toward making your Tillandsias happy and thriving!
Displaying Air Plants
One of the most enjoyable things about growing Tillandsias is that you can place them in just about any container that strikes your fancy! Here are some ideas:
A great gift idea
At Stuart Nursery, you’ll find a large selection of Tillandsias. Prices range anywhere from $5 to $25. Visit Stuart Nursery to pick out your favorite air plant! We are expecting a new shipment soon!